**-g**- Print in shell script style
**--overwrite**- Allow output files to overwrite existing files
**--help**- Print usage summary
**--verbose**- Verbose module output
**--quiet**- Quiet module output
**--ui**- Force launching GUI dialog

**mapx**=*name[,**name*,...]**[required]**- Map for x coefficient
**mapy**=*name***[required]**- Map for y coefficient
**residuals**=*name*- Map to store residuals
**estimates**=*name*- Map to store estimates
**output**=*name*- ASCII file for storing regression coefficients (output to screen if file not specified).

Y = b0 + sum(bi*Xi) + E

X = {X1, X2, ..., Xm} m = number of explaining variables Y = {y1, y2, ..., yn} Xi = {xi1, xi2, ..., xin} E = {e1, e2, ..., en} n = number of observations (cases)

Y ~ sum(bi*Xi) b0 is the intercept, X0 is set to 1

*r.regression.multi* is designed for large datasets that can not
be processed in R. A p value is therefore not provided, because even
very small, meaningless effects will become significant with a large
number of cells. Instead it is recommended to judge by the estimator b,
the amount of variance explained (R squared for a given variable) and
the gain in AIC (AIC without a given variable minus AIC global must be
positive) whether the inclusion of a given explaining variable in the
model is justified.

The F score for each explaining variable allows testing if the inclusion
of this variable significantly increases the explaining power of the
model, relative to the global model excluding this explaining variable.
That means that the F value for a given explaining variable is only
identical to the F value of the R-function *summary.aov* if the
given explaining variable is the last variable in the R-formula. While
R successively includes one variable after another in the order
specified by the formula and at each step calculates the F value
expressing the gain by including the current variable in addition to the
previous variables, *r.regression.multi* calculates the F-value
expressing the gain by including the current variable in addition to all
other variables, not only the previous variables.

The AIC value is identical to the one obtained from the R-function stepAIC() when excluding this variable from the full model. The AIC value corrected for the number of explaining variables and the BIC value (Bayesian Information Criterion) value follow the logic of AIC. BIC is identical to the R-function stepAIC with k = log(n). AICc is not available through the R-function stepAIC.

g.region raster=soils_Kfactor -p r.regression.multi mapx=elevation,aspect,slope mapy=soils_Kfactor \ residuals=soils_Kfactor.resid estimates=soils_Kfactor.estim

Available at: r.regression.multi source code (history)

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© 2003-2021 GRASS Development Team, GRASS GIS 7.9.dev Reference Manual